Milos Dordevic gave his presentation on the human rights implications of transnational organized crime on April 21, 2015. Mr. Dordevic first discussed the nature of transnational organized crime (TOC) in an increasingly globalized and interconnected world and the special challenges posed in combatting such crime. For example existing security paradigms, which have traditionally been constructed to address State-to-State security concerns, may be ill equipped adequately handle the unique problems created by modern TOC. Further, Mr. Dordevic, highlighted the ability of transnational criminal organizations to adapt quickly to changing circumstances and their reliance on technologies, which at times effectively allows such organizations to stay ahead of law enforcement efforts.
Mr. Dordevic then addressed specific TOCs and their impact on human rights. Specifically, Mr. Dordevic examined issues of human trafficking and smuggling, drug trafficking, and illegal transport and sales of small arms and light weapons. Mr. Dordevic focused on case studies of human trafficking in the Balkans for purposes of sexual exploitation. One of the victims, an infant, was abducted in Belgrade after the perpetrators had obtained a false Serbian passport with the child’s picture and tracked the girl’s family through her father’s Facebook profile. The other case study involved a young Bosnian Serb woman who was looking for employment and trafficked from Serbia to Slovenia to Macedonia, and finally to Pristina, Kosovo.
Each of these cases demonstrate some of the challenges that TOC poses for law enforcement officials who have to collaborate across State borders when dealing with TOC. The cases further highlighted the effects transnational organized crime can have on the rights of individual victims.